What is Sleeve Gastrectomy?
Sleeve Gastrectomy, also known as gastric sleeve surgery, is a bariatric procedure designed to promote weight loss by reducing the size of the stomach. This restrictive surgery involves the removal of a large portion of the stomach, leaving a sleeve-shaped pouch.
By limiting the stomach’s capacity, patients experience a reduced appetite and earlier feelings of fullness, leading to significant and sustainable weight loss.
- Sleeve gastrectomy leads to weight loss primarily by reducing stomach size, which limits food intake and decreases hunger. The surgery also triggers hormonal changes that enhance satiety and suppress appetite, contributing to a significant and sustained reduction in body weight.
- Improvement in psychological well-being after sleeve gastrectomy is often observed due to the positive effects of weight loss. These include enhanced body image, increased self-esteem, and reduced symptoms of depression and anxiety. The surgery’s success in facilitating weight loss often leads to these beneficial psychological outcomes.
- For lipid disorders, sleeve gastrectomy helps by reducing fat intake and improving metabolic functions. The procedure leads to lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels, addressing dyslipidemia. This results from the decreased food intake and enhanced hormonal responses post-surgery, contributing to better lipid profile management.
To be considered for bariatric surgery, certain criteria need to be met, which include:
- Demonstrating unsuccessful attempts at non-surgical weight loss.
- Receiving clearance based on mental health evaluation.
- Not having any medical reasons that would make surgery unsafe.