Regardless of the treatment option chosen, you should know that the effects will be gradual, and you need a strict avoidance to sun. In fact, when considering melasma treatment, care and consideration must be used for patients with darker skin types else hypopigmentation may occur, creating a separate skin problem.
At CosmeSurge, we use a variety of treatment options for people with Pigmentation & Melasma. Our treatments include
- Laser Therapy: Laser machines use highly concentrated beams of light energy to improve the skin tone, texture, and appearance. There are two types of laser machines; ablative laser that works by destroying the outer layer of the skin and non-ablative laser heats up the skin below the surface which encourages growth of new skin. Fractional CO2, Sciton, Fraxel, Picoway are laser therapies which are used for skin resurfacing. The results of laser resurfacing are long lasting and can be dramatic, but it does not appear overnight. It takes few months to notice full effects of new skin cell and collagen boosting.
- Chemical Peels: This is another way to treat pigmentation and melasma as the solution used causes the skin to peel away promoting the growth of new skin cells. During the treatment, a solution is applied onto your skin and left for a few minutes. Over the days following treatment, you will notice that the affected layers of skin will gradually peel away, revealing a smoother, younger-looking complexion. Our experts use different range of peels like chemical peel, organic peel, TCA, cosmelan, dermalan, laser peeling etc. Usually chemical peels are used in combination with other treatments for melasma.
- Radio Frequency Treatments: Radiofrequency (RF) is electromagnetic radiation that creates a thermal effect on the skin. The devices based on RF look to heat specific layers of the skin to induce dermal shrinkage and promote collagen. As the RF energy delivers heats to dermal structure, it results in skin resurfacing. EndyMed, NuEra, Scarlet are some machines that our experts use for pigmentation based on your skin’s condition.
- Microneedling: In this process the technology uses the skin’s natural healing process to reduce skin imperfections, treat sun damage, and restore a smoother, clearer complexion. Microneedling creates microscopic “injuries” in the skin using an instrument containing dozens of very fine, short needles. The “injuries” are not visible to the naked eye, but they do trigger the natural healing response, prompting your skin to produce new collagen and elastin and regenerate new, healthy skin cells. Since there is no involvement of laser or any other chemical, it works for all types of skin.
- Intense Pulsed Light (IPL): This procedure is similar to laser the only difference is that IPL uses a broad spectrum of light wavelengths, delivered in brief pulses. This light-based therapy absorbs excessive pigment in the skin which helps to restore a more even complexion and secondly, it also helps stimulate the production of collagen which improve the overall skin tone in the long run. IPL is a non-ablative treatment (no skin is removed during treatment), and typically requires little to no downtime.
- Home Care: Apart from the above treatments, the doctor might prescribe certain eye creams. The cream contains skin lightning and bleaching agents that are known to be effective for treating pigmentation