Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It’s typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build up on the teeth and harden. In advanced stages, periodontal disease can lead to sore and bleeding gums, painful chewing problems and even tooth loss.
There are two major stages of periodontal disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. The earlier stage, gingivitis, is a mild form of gum disease caused by plaque build-up around the gum line which causes inflammation of the gums. If you neglect to brush or floss your teeth daily, this plaque build-up will trap bacteria and cause gum disease. Your gums will appear red and swollen, and you could experience bleeding when you brush or floss. If properly treated, it may be reversed.
Left untreated, gingivitis turns into periodontitis. During this more destructive disease stage, the supporting bones and fibres that hold your teeth in place are irreversibly damaged, as bacteria penetrate the deeper pockets of tissue. Immediate treatment is necessary to prevent further damage and tooth loss.
Gum disease progresses slowly but it is best treated in the early stages.
Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. Our specialist team will make a clinical evaluation and recommend the appropriate treatment.
SIGNS OF GUM DISEASE
- Gums which bleed when brushed or flossed
- Bad breath or a constant bad taste in your mouth
- Swollen, or reddish gums
- Tartar build-up on the teeth
- Receding gums
- A history of gum disease in the family. New evidence indicates heredity may play a role in gum disease.
- A history of Diabetes in the family or a diagnosis of Diabetes. Diabetics heal poorly and are more susceptible to gum disease.
See a dentist every six months to catch problems early and make sure you have healthy teeth.